||Common alder, European alder
||Rich, moist to wet soil in sun or partial shade.
||By seed sown in autumn or spring; by suckers detached in autumn; by hardwood cuttings in early winter. Trees may be coppiced to minimize damage from harvesting of bark.
||Bark of young twigs and two-to three-year-old branches is peeled off lengthwise when fresh, and dried for decoctions and powders. Leaves area picked in summer and used fresh.
||Europe and Asia
Has yellow young leaves.
Is a graceful tree with deeply cut leaves.
Has upright branches
Height: 15m (50ft)
Width: 5m (15ft)
||An astringent, tonic herb that encourages healing of damaged tissue.
||Internally and externally to control bleeding, and for rheumatism (bark). Externally for throat, mouth and dental infections, wounds, and scabies (bark); as a poultice for inflammatory conditions such as rheumatism (leaves).
||Encyclopedia of Herbs by Deni Brown Copyright © 1995, 2001 Dorling Kindersley Limited. pp 114-115.