||Olibanum, mastic tree
||Boswellia sacra syn. B. carteri
||Somalia, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, Arabia, Horn of Africa
||Well-drained to dry soil in full sun. Prune lightly in early spring.
||By semi-ripe cuttings in summer.
||Gum resin is collected all year, although quality is dependent on location and season, that from the driest areas in the hottest months, being the finest; it is used fresh or dried for distillation, decoctions, or powders.
||Min. 10-15°C (50-59°F)
||Gum resin (ru xiang), oil.
|Color and Odor:
||The essential oil is colorless with a warm, balsamic, spicy aroma that is dry and fortifying with sweet undertones.
||Frankincense was among the earliest incenses, with 3000 years of continual religious usage. Valued as highly as gold, it was long used by the Egyptians for religions and ceremonial purposes. Mentioned several times in the Bible.
||Antiseptic, sedative, tonic, cytophylactic, cicatrizant, expectorant, astringent, anti-inflammatory
A bitter, pungent, warming herb that stimulates the circulation, calms the nerves, and has decongestant and above properties.
- Respiratory SystemSlows down and deepens the breathing, ensuring calm and comfort. Very useful for asthma, particularly for those suffers with a fearful disposition.
- SkinRejuvenating for the skin; especially good for aging skin and wrinkles, and for preserving a youthful complexion. Effective for healing wounds, scars, and injuries.
- EmotionsReduces tension. Frankincense calms the physical form and awakens the higher consciousness. It produces a heightened awareness of the spiritual realm and deepens religious experience. Frankincense is ideal for use prior to meditation. Offers strength in the face of adversity and hardship, and protection from the material world, bringing enlightenment, releasing subconscious stress and lifting the spirits.
||Internally for bronchial and urinary infections. Not given to pregnant women (although traditionally used as a fumigant during and after childbirth in Oman). Externally as an inhalant for excess mucus and douche for vaginal infections. In Chinese medicine, internally for menstrual pain and externally for injuries, skin eruptions, and as a wash for gum, mouth, and throat complaints. Regarded as a rejuvenative in Ayurvedic medicine. Important in aromatherapy for relieving anxiety.
||Resin is chewed in countries of origin.
||Used in anti-wrinkle creams, incense, and perfumery. Essential oil is used commercially to flavor candy, bakery products, desserts, ice cream and soft drinks.
||Aromatherapy Blends and recipes by Franzesca Watson Copyright © 1995 Thorsons, Harper Parker Publishing Inc. Pp 104-105
Magical Aromatherapy by Scott Cunningham Copyright © 1988 Llewellyn Publications, Inc. pp 85-86
Encyclopedia of Herbs by Deni Brown Copyright © 1995, 2001 Dorling Kindersley Limited pp.145-146