||False Hellebore. Red Chamomile. Pheasant's Eye. Red Morocco. Rose-a-rubie. Red Mathes. Sweet Vernal. Oxeye. Spring adonis. yellow pheasant's eye.
||Adonis autumnalis syn. A. vernalis
||Well-drained, medium soil in sun or partial shade, blossoms more readily in full sun. Does not take well to transplanting.
Light, well-drained soil, enriched with leaf mold, in sun or partial shade. The crown should be planted 2.5cm (1in) below the surface. New growth may be damaged by slugs and snails. Plants die down in summer, so label them to prevent accidental damage.
||By seed sown in situ, when ripe.
By division in early autumn; by seed sown under cover in summer, as soon as ripe. Germination may be slow and erratic.
||Leaves, stems, and flowering plant are picked when flowering and used dried for decoctions, powders, tinctures, and liquid extracts. Due to over-harvesting this plant is now considered on the extinct list and harvesting is prohibited in most countries.
Plants are cut when in full flower and dried for use in liquid extracts and tinctures. The dried herb does not keep well, and stocks are renewed each year.
||Adonis' side effects include nausea and irregular heartbeat. Adonis contains cardiac glycosides, which can help control irregular heartbeat, reduce the backup of blood and fluid in the body, and increase blood flow through the kidneys, helping to excrete sodium and relieve swelling in body tissues. However, a buildup of cardiac glycosides can occur, especially when the herb is combined with certain mediciations or other herbs that contain cardiac glycosides, causing arrhythmias, abnormally slow heartbeat, heart failure, and even death.
For use by qualified practitioners only. Medicinal use of this herb is subject to legal restrictions in some countries.
||S, C, and E Europe.
||Leaves, stems, flower, Whole Plant
||A tonic, diuretic herb that stimulates the heart.
||A. vernalis contains a glucoside Adonidin and has an action almost exactly like that of digitalin, but is much stronger and is said not to be cumulative. It appears to be about ten times as powerful as digitoxin. It has been prescribed instead of digitalis, and sometimes succeeds where digitalis fails, especially where there is kidney disease. It is, however, less certainly beneficial in valvular disease than digitalis, and should be used only where digitalis fails. It produces vomiting and diarrhoea more readily than digitalis. It is given in the form of an infusion.
||To treat menstrual problems, dehydration, fever and a weak heart. Germany's Commission E has approved the use of adonis to treat nervous heart complaints and irregular heartbeats.
Internally for cardiac insufficiency, irregular or rapid heart beat, mitral stenosis, and edema due to heart failure. Included in many commercial formulas for heart complaints. Similar in effects to Digitalis lanata (see wooly foxglove), but not cumulative.
|Dosage and Preparation:
||A typical daily dose of adonis is approximately 0.6gm of powder.
Fluid extract, 1 to 2 drops. Glucoside adonidin, 1/4 to 1/2 grain.
The infusion is made with 1/4 oz. of the herb to a pint of boiling water and given in tablespoonful doses every three hours.
|Increases Absorption and Effects
Taking adonis with these drugs may enhance the therapeutic and adverse effects of the drug;
|Decreases Absorption and Effects
Taking adonis with this drug may be harmful:
|Beclomethasone, (Beconase, Vanceril)
||Betamethasone, (Betatrex, Maxivate)
||Budesonide, (Entocourt, Rhinocort)
||Budesonide and Formoterol, (Symbicort)
||Calcium Acetate, (PhosLo)
|Calcium Carbonate, (Rolaids Extra Strength, Tums)
||Calcium Chloride, (Calcium Chloride)
||Calcium Citrate, (Osteocit)
||Calcium Glubionate, (Calcium Glubionate)
||Calcium Gluceptate, (Calcium Gluceptate)
|Calcium Gluconate, (Calcium Gluconate)
||Cascara, (Cascara sagrada)
||Deflazacort, (Calcort, Dezacor)
||Dexamethasone, (Decadron, Dexasone)
|Digitalis, (Digitek, Lanoxin)
||Docusate, (Colace, Ex-Lax Stool Softener)
||Docusate and Senna, (Peri-Colace, Senakot-S)
||Flunisolide, (Aerobid, Nasarel)
||Fluorometholone, (Eflone, Flarex)
|Fluticasone, (Cutivate, Flonase)
||Hydrocortisone, (Cetacort, Locoid)
||Lactulose, (Constulose, Enulose)
||Loteprednol, (Alrex, Lotemax)
||Magnesium Citrate, (Citro-Mag)
|Magnesium Hydroxide, (Dulcolax, Milk of Magnesia, Phillips' Milk of Magnesia)
||Magnesium Hydroxide and Mineral Oil, (Phillips' M-O)
||Magnesium Oxide, (Mag-Ox 400, Uro-Mag)
||Magnesium Sulfate, (Epsom Salts)
||Medrysone, (HMS Liquifilm)
|Methylprednisolone, (Depo-Medrol, Medrol)
||Polyethylene Glycol- Electrolyte Solution, (Colyte, Miralax)
||Prednisolone, (Inflamase Forte, Pred Forte)
||Prednisone, (Apo-Prednisone, Deltasone)
||Psyllium, (Metamucil, Reguloid)
|Quinidine, (Novo-Quinidin, Quinaglute Dura-Tabs)
||Triamcinolone, (Aristocort, Trinasal)
||Quinidine, (Novo-Quinidin, Quinaglute Dura-Tabs) May cause electrolyte abnormalities, plus changes in cardiac rhythm and vital signs.
||May worsen conditions related to low levels of calcium or potassium.
- Increased risk of cardiac glycoside toxicity when used with other herbs that contain cardiac glycosides, such as Black Hellebore, Calatropis, Motherwort, and others.
- Increased rish of cardiotoxicity due to potassium depletion when taken with cardioactive herbs, such as Digitalis, Lily-of-the-Valley, and Squill.
- Increased risk of potassium depletion when used in conjunction with Licorice, or Horsetail Plant.
- Increased risk of potassium depletion when used with stimulant laxative herbs, such as Black Root, Cascara Sagrada, Castor Oil, and Senna.
- May increase risk of cardiac toxicity when taken with calcium supplements.
||The Essential Herb-Drug-Vitamin Interaction Guide by Geo. T. Grossberg,MD and Barry Fox,PhD Copyright©2007 Barry Fox,PhD pp. 24-26
Botanical .org A Modern Herbal by Mrs. M. Grieve Copyright © 1995-2009 by Botanical.org
Encylopedia of Herbs by Deni Brown Copyright ©: 1995, 2001 Dorling Kindersley Limited pg 103.