||Chinese Sage, Dan-Shen, Huang Ken, Red Sage, Salvia Root
||Well-drained to dry, neutral to alkaline soil in sun. Salvia miltiorhiza needs moist, sandy soil; tolerates partial shade. Most sages dislike damp conditions and low light in winter; they are often hardier in dry, sunny positions. Sages grown in a greenhouse are prone to spider mite, aphids, and whitefly. Many sages become woody and sparse with age and should be replaced every 4-7 years.
||By seed sown in spring (species and annuals only); by basal or softwood cuttings in spring and summer; by semi-ripe cuttings in late summer and early autumn; by division (S. miltiorhiza). Salvia lyrata, S. sclarea and S. viridis may self-sow freely. Salvia greggii is grown as an annual in areas with cold winters.
||Leaves are picked for immediate use, or before flowers open for oil distillation and drying; dried leaves are used in infusions, liquid extracts, and tinctures. Roots are lifted in late autumn and winter, and dried for pills, decoctions, and tinctures. Ripe seeds are dried for use in macerations, or pressed for oil. Flower spikes are cut in summer. Galls (S. pomifera) are picked in spring, and candied.
||Root (dan shen)
||A bitter, sedative, cooling herb that controls bleeding, stimulates the circulatory and immune system, lowers cholesterol levels, promotes healing, and inhibits many disease-causing organism. It acts mainly on the heart energy, removing excess heat and clearing stangnation.
||Internally for coronary heart-disease, poor circulation, palpitations, irritability, insomnia, breast abscesses, mastitis, ulcers, boils, sores, bruises, menstrual problems, and postpartum pains. Often combined with Angelica polymorpha var. chinensis (See, Chinese Angelica) for suppressed menstruation.
To treat angina pectoris (chest pain due to low blood flow to the heart muscle), ischemic stroke (a stroke caused by lack of blood flow to a portion of the brain), menstrual problems, circulatory ailments, hepatitis, and psoriasis; to help wounds heal.
||There is no typical dose od danshen.
|Possible Side Effects:
||Danshen's side effects include decreased appetite, stomach upset, and itching.
|Taking danshen with these drugs may increase the risk of bleeding or bruising:
||Antithrombin III, (Thrombate III)
||Aspirin, (Bufferin, Ecotrin)
|Aspirin and Dipyridamole, (Aggrenox)
||Dipyridamole, (Novo-Dipiradol, Persantine)
||Etodolac, (Lodine, Utradol)
||Heparin, (Hepalean, Hep-Lock)
|Ibuprofen, (Advil, Motrin)
||Indomethacin, (Indocin, Novo-Methacin)
||Ketoprofen, (Orudis, Rhodis)
|Ketorolac, (Acular, Toradol)
||Meloxicam, (MOBIC, Mobicox)
||Naproxen, (Aleve, Naprosyn)
|Piroxicam, (Feldene, Nu-Pirox)
||Ticlopidine, (Alti-Ticlopidine, Ticlid)
||Warfarin, (Coumadin, Jantoven)
|Taking danshen with these drugs may be harmful:
|Alprazolam, (Apro-Alpraz, Xanax)may increase depression of the central nervous system.(sedation, mental depression, and impairment)
||Digitalis, (Digitek, Lanoxin)may increase the risk of arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat).
|Lab Test Alterations:
- False increase in serum digoxin concentrations with fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA).
- False decrease in serum digoxin with microparticle enzyme immunoassay (MEIA)
||May worsen cases of bleeding disorders.
- Increased risk of cardiac glycoside toxicity when used with other herbs that contain cardiac glycosides, such as Black Hellebore, Calotropis, Motherwort, and others.
- Increased risk of bleeding when used with herbs and supplements that might effect platelet aggregation, such as Angelica, Garlic, Ginger, Ginkgo Biloba, Turmeric, and others.
||Encyclopedia of Herbs by Deni Brown Copyright © 1995, 2001 Dorling Kindersley Limited. pp 353-355
The Essential Herb-Drug-Vitamin Interaction Guide by Geo. T. Grossberg,MD and Barry Fox,PhD Copyright©2007 Barry Fox,PhD. Pp. 181-182