||Common Hops, European Hops, Houblon
||Western Asia, Europe, North America.
||Moist, well-drained, rich soil in sun or partial shade. Remove previous season's growth during dormancy. Thin new shoots as required. Prone to Verticillium wilt and downy mildew.
||By seed sown in spring at 15-18°C (59-64°F); by softwood or greenwood cuttings in spring and by leaf-bud cuttings in summer (from female plants). Golden hops comes reasonably true from seed.
||Flower are picked in autumn and used fresh or dried for infusions, liquid extracts, tinctures, tablets, and oil distillation. Young shoots are cut in spring for culinary use.
||Hop is a member of the Cannabidaceae family, which also includes marijuana. It's a climbing vine that grows to a height of 40 feet and bears coarse, heart-shaped leaves, as well as male and female flowers, each of which grow on separate plants. The fruit does not form until the plant's third year.
Has yellow foliage.
Is an early-maturing hop, regarded as the best for home brewing, especially dark beers. Thrives in cool climates; highly resistant to mildew.
Is a red-stemmed, free-flowering hop, resistant to mildew.
||Native to western Asia, Europe and North America, hop grows wild in meadows and along riverbanks in rich soil and full sun. It is also cultivated in various temperate zones for brewing purposes.
||Only the strobiles, or female flowers, are used for medicinal purposes. These strobiles contain glands that produce therapeutic substances, leaves, shoots, oil.
||Hops contain bitter principles, such as lupulon, humulon and valerianic acid, which stimulate digestion; flavonoids, including quercetin and kaempferol, which have antioxidant properties; volatile oil, which has sedative, antispasmodic and antibacterial effects; tannins, which tighten the skin and the mucous membranes; amino acids, which alleviate tension; and estrogenic compounds, which have a hormonal action.
||A bitter, tonic herb that is aromatic and diuretic, relieves pain, and relaxes spasms. It is a potent sedative and has hormonal and anti-bacterial effects.
||Vitamin A, Thiamin
||Hops have long been used to relieve nervous tension, anxiety, irritability and excitability and are considered an excellent remedy for sleep disorders. Hops are also used for many types of digestive complaints, such as gas, bloating, indigestion, abdominal cramping, diarrhea and a poor appetite. Topical applications can help alleviate psoriasis, skin infections and eczema. Note: Hops are not recommended for people who have a history of depression.
||Internally for insomnia, nervous tension, anxiety, irritability, nervous intestinal complaints (including irritable bowel syndrome), priapism, and premature ejaculation. Externally for skin infections, eczema, herpes, and leg ulcers. Combined with Valeriana officinalis (See, valerian) as a sedative, and with Chamaemelum nobile (See, roman chamomile) or Mentha x piperita (See, peppermint) for nervous digestive problems. Contraindicated in depression.
To treat nerve pain, tension headaches, insomnia, and nervousness. Germany's Commission E has approved the use of hops to treat anxiety, agitation, nervousness, restlessness, and insomnia.
||A typical dose of hops is 0.5 gm of cut herb.
|Possible Side Effects:
||Hops' side effects include excessive sedation, dizziness, and allergic reactions.
|Taking hops with these drugs may increase the risk of sedation and mental depression and impairment:
||Amobarbital and Secobarbital, (Tuinal)
||Butabarbital, (Butisol Sodium)
||Butalbital, Acetaminophen, and Caffeine, (Esgic, Fioricet)
|Butalbital, Aspirin, and Caffeine, (Fiorinal)
||Methohexital, (Brevital, Brevital Sodium)
|Phenobarbital, (Luminal Sodium, PMS-Phenobarbital)
||Primidone, (Apo-Primidone, Mysoline)
||May worsen depression.
||May increase sedative effects when consumed with alcohol.
||May enhance therapeutic and adverse effects of herbs and supplements that have sedative properties, such as 5-HTP, Kava Kava, St. John's Wort, and Valerian.
||Young shoots are eaten raw or cooked like asparagus.
||Hops are the main flavoring in beers. Distilled oil and extracts are also used in food flavorings and soft drinks; also in perfumes of the chypre and fougère types. Dried hops are added to sleep pillows. Dried flowering stems ("Bines") are used for decoration.
|A Little Lore:
||Sleep pillows made with hops have been used as an insomnia treatment for centuries, since the aroma can calm the mind and soothe nervous tension.
|Methods of Administration:
To alleviate insomnia, pour 1 cup of boiling water over 1 tsp. of hops. Steep 10-15 min. and strain. Drink 1 cup of tea just before going to bed. To stimulate the appetite, drink 1 cup of tea before each meal.
- Bath Additive:
To ease anxiety, tension and sore muscles, pour ½: gal. of boiling water over 1 cup each of hops, rosemary and lemon balm. Steep for 20 min., strain and add liquid to warm bathwater.
To relieve backaches, headaches, pain and menstrual cramps, take 20-30 drops of tincture in some water or juice up to 4 times daily.
- Commercial Preparations:
Numerous commercial teas that ease anxiety and insomnia contain hops, which are often combined with lemon balm, valerian, skullcap, catnip or chamomile.
- Medicinal Pillow:
For sleep disorders, fill a cotton pouch with 2 tbsp. each of lavender, hops and chamomile. Stitch it closed and put it inside your pillow near your face.
||Skin irritant and allergen.
||The Complete Guide to Natural Healing Copyright © 1999 International Masters Publishers AB Group 1 card 69.
The Encyclopedia of Herbs by Deni Bown Copyright © 1995, 2001 Dorling Kindersley Limited. pp. 237-238
The Essential Herb-Drug-Vitamin Interaction Guide by Geo. T. Grossberg,MD and Barry Fox,PhD Copyright©2007 Barry Fox,PhD. Pp.271-272